Network for Plastic Monitoring in Waters

The PlaMoWa networks works on a multitude of projects in different states:

1. Filter cascade
A PlaMoWa consortium is developing a new filter unit (filter cascade), which allows the efficient presorting of microplastic particles during sample drawing in all waters. The integration of a primary screen for the concentration of the filtrate as well as of a cleaning and anti-fouling system to prevent a decline of the filtering performance due to biofilms on the filter fabric are substantial innovations of the project. Intelligent backwashing mechanisms enables the filter cascade to run over longer periods.
Participating PlaMoWa partners
-4H-JENA engineering GmbH, Nägele Mechanik GmbH, Universität Bayreuth, Fraunhofer ICT
Status: ZIM-funding granted
Project scheduling: July 2016 to June 2018
2. Raman spectrometer combined with sample preparation
An innovative, automated procedure analyses microplastic particles in the lower micrometre range based on the Raman spectroscopy within water sediment and water samples. A complex preparation of the samples is to be developed and for the first time combined with an ablation flash, in order to remove perturbing biofilms before the measure. According to experience, a large range of plastic can be analysed with this method.
Participating PlaMoWa partners
rap.ID Particle Systems GmbH, Universität Bayreuth, GNF e.V.
Status: ZIM-funding granted
Project scheduling: February 2017 to November 2019
3. Microplastic extractor
The biggest challenge fo the analysis of plastic in waters is the complex and laborious concentration of the samples from large quantities of water respectively sediment before the following separation of water, sediment and microplastic. Based on an idea developed by scientists, the manipulation of the sink or float methodology with additional pressure and sieves shall lead to an innovative sediment separator enabling a fast sample preparation.
Intended PlaMoWa partners
Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Werkzeugbau und Feinwerktechnik Meiningen GmbH
Status: ZIM-funding granted
Project scheduling: November 2017 to October 2019
4. Camera system for recording macroplastic on waters
Based on the experience of european research teams, an integrated camera system is to be developed for an automated identification and quantification of macroplastic at the surface of rivers and the sea. The combination of one or several cameras of high-resolution and equipped with special filters with an intelligent steering computer and the necessary software for the analysis of the image data is to facilitate an autonomous long-term operation.
Intended PlaMoWa partners
J&C Bachmann GmbH, SVS-VISTEK GmbH , 4H-Jena engineering GmbH, Universität Bayreuth, Geo-Forschungs-Zentrum
Status: Idea
Project start: 2018
5. Microplastic sediment centrifugation
With a sediment centrifugation, a quicker density separation of microplastic particles from the surrounding matrix shall be achieved. Furthermore, the project aims to use the centrifuge also for the automated probe suspension to remove the biofilm on the microplastic particles. The developments shall realize an overall product “MPP Analyser”.
Intended PlaMoWa partners
rap.ID Particle Systems GmbH, N.N.
Status: Draft
Project start: 2018
6. Satellite based remote observation
For the first time, a satellite based, integrated monitoring concept shall be developed to record floating macro und microplastic particles from their place of entry to their point of accumulation. In doing so, real “in situ” data on the plastic pollution of rivers, estuaries, coastal areas and vortexes measured from ships and other measuring platforms are correlated with different sets of satellite data, allowing an upscaling of the plastic pollution on big areas.
Designated PlaMoWa partners
Remote Sensing Solutions GmbH, HYDROMOD Service GmbH, Universität Bayreuth, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut für Hygiene und Umwelt Hamburg, GlobalGreen InnoTech GmbH
Status: funding applied for (mFUND programme)
Planned project start: 2018
7. Competence Centre for the reduction of plastics in waters
A national contact point shall collect and analyse the existing multitude of data on waters under consistent criteria to quickly obtain a differentiated view on the origin and composition of the plastic contamination. The data shall furthermore be evaluated with respect to the overall costs, benefits and damages. This evaluation will be the base for the development of measures to sustainably and effectively reduce the amount of pollution. This project is the integration of all the know-how acquired in the network.
Designated PlaMoWa partners
all PlaMoWa partners
Status: Draft
Filing of application: 2018
8. First plastic detector for microplastic in waters
By combining different slightly modified sensor systems (fluorometer and X-ray fluorescence sensor), an optical multi sensor for the detection of microplastic in waters shall be developed for the first time. With an integrated digital in situ evaluation unit, the combination of the measuring results from the different sensors is to produce an image of the microplastic contamination in the water body.
Intended PlaMoWa partners
J&C Bachmann GmbH, N.N.
Status: Draft
Filing of application: 2018
9. River box with integrated hyperspectral analysis of water samples for an automated identification of the pollution with microplastic particles
A measuring method already applied to dry samples for detecting microplastic in the high-frequency infrared range shall be transferred in a measuring cell for the examination of liquids. An automated spectrometric measure at the sample place combined with a fast automated data processing shall provide a quick result of the microplastic pollution.
Intended PlaMoWa partners
Nägele Mechanik GmbH, Geo-Forschungs-Zentrum, J&C Bachmann GmbH, rap.ID Particle Systems GmbH, DECKMA Hamburg GmbH, 4H- JENA engineering GmbH, Cubert GmbH, Fraunhofer ICT, Uni Bayreuth
Status: Idea
Filing of application: 2018
10. Bioassays
Microplastic particles can cross the cell membrane and influence cells and the entire organism. Hence, it seems feasible to use microorganisms, in particular sensitive ones, as bioindicators for plastic waste. To date unpublished tests of a German university suggest that the effects of microplastic on small crustaceans are tremendous. Hence, the networks aims to develop bioassays for at least some particularly health-relevant types of plastic with further partners.
Intended PlaMoWa partners
Institut Dr. Nowak GmbH & Co. KG, Alfred-Wegener-Institut
Status: Idea
Filing of application: 2018